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History Jhansi City

It is said that this baradari or pavilion was built by Raja Gangadhar Rao (A.D. 1838-53) for his brother who had deep interest in drama, music etc. The pavilion erected on a platform is square on plan and has three arched openings on each side. It is beautifully decorated with stucco mouldings depicting various floral and geometrical patterns.To the west of the pavilion is a fountain built on the Mughal Pattern.Believed to be blessed with the power of goddess Bhawani,this gun is popularly known as Bhawani Shankar. Placed in north –south orientation, the front portion of the gun has the form of crocodile, while it has elephant-like back. It measures 5.00 X0.60m with a diameter of 0.52m. An inscription on the gun dated to A D 1781 mentions the gun as Bhawani Shankar. Names of Raja Udit Singh and guru Jairam are also inscribed.
This gun is placed on the eastern side of the fort which can be seen by entering through the main gate. This lion-headed gun roared like a lion when fired, hence this name. Operated by GULAM Gaus Khan, this gun used to frighten the enemies. It measures 5.50mx1.80m with a diameter of 0.60m.Gulam Gaus Khan Bux and Motibai were three very faithful military officers of Rani Laxmi Bai army. Gulam Gaus Khan and Khuda Bux were artillery experts and there graves are situated inside the fort near Panch Mahal.Constructed by Raja Bir Singh Deo, this palace was originally five – storeyed, Rani Laxmi Bai is said to have used its ground floor as her meeting-hall, and stayed in one of the apartments on The first floor.
The top floor of the palace was added during the British rule. During the scientific clearance here, the remain of the drainage pattern of the palace have come to light.A Squire platform located in between two bastion on south - east, is regarded as a place from where the Rani let herself with Damodar Rao, her adopted son down on her horse on the night of April fourth and escaped from the fort during the freedom struggle. Built by Maratha Chief Naru Shankar, this temple is the exquisite example of blending of Maratha & Bundella styles of architecture. Rani used to worship here regularly. The Siva-linga enshrined here is made of granite stone. Even today,this temple is very popular among devotees who throng the place in large numbers during Sivaratri festival.

Amod Udyan is situated near Siva Temple in the Fort. It was used by Rani for recreation.Situated between Amod Bag and Siva temple, this execution tower was erected during the regime of Raja Gangadarh Rao for the execution offenders Maratha chief Naru Shankar extended the fort in north eastern direction in 1742 which came to be known as Shankargrah, largly owing to construction of Shiv temple in this part. The place was used for various functions and festival celebrations in which the Rani along with her friends used to participate. Rani Mahal, Palace of Rani Laxmi Bai embelished with multi colored art and painting on its walls and ceilings. Presently this palace is converted into a museum. It has a massive collection of Sculptures of the period between the 9th and 12th Centuries AD. Rani Mahal was built by Raghunath II of Navalkar family (1769-96) this palace later converted as the residences of Rani Laxmi Bai. Architecturally, it is a flat- roofed double-storeyed building having a quadrangular courtyard with a small wall and one fountain each on either side.This palace consists of a number of small rooms, six hall and parallel corridors with multi-foiled arches. The Darbar hall approached by a flight of steps is beautifully decorated with paintings in bright colours. The themes included floral and faunal designs. The arches are embellished. with peacock and rosette design. The ground floor of the palace houses stone sculptures from Lalitpur, Madanpur, Barua Sagar, Dudhai and Chandpur dating from later Gupta to medieval period. Maha Laxmi Temple an ancient temple devoted to Devi Mahalaxmi was built in 18th Century. This glorious temple is situated outside Laxmi "Darwaza" at south-western corner of Laxmi Tal. According Dr Vrindawan Lal Verma Rani Laxmi Bai used to visit this temple on every tuesday and friday. The Samadhi or 'Chhatari' of Maharaja Gangadhar Rao is situated on the Laxmi Tal outside Laxmi Gate. It is situated at a distance of 1.5 Km from the fort. After the death of Maharaja Gangadhar Rao in 1853, this chhatari or samadhi was built by his wife Rani Laxmi Bai. The brick-built 'Chhatari' is located in centre of a courtyard. It is plastered in lime and decorated with various patterns in stucco. The complex has two gates-the main one being on south. The main 'Chhatari' stands on a square platform in form of a baradari consisting of three arched entrances on each side. The flat roof of baradari is supported by stone pillars. The panels on upper part are decorated with various figures-one on the east side showing perhaps Raja Gangadhar Rao himself.