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History Jhansi City

At that time Lord Dalhousie was the Governor -General of India. Though little Damodar Rao, adopted son of late Maharaja Gangadhar Rao and Rani Laxmi Bai was Maharaja's heir and successor as per the Hindu tradition, but the British rulers rejected Rani's claim that Damodar Rao was their legal heir.Lord Dalhousie decided to annexe the state of Jhansi asMaharaja Gangadhar Rao had left no legal heir. This misfortune of Jhansi was used by the Britishers to expand their Empire.In March 1854 the British ruler announced 60,000 ( Sixty Thousand) annual pension for Rani and also ordered to leave the Jhansi fort. Jhansi was in humiliating condition but it was like a silent volcano before eruption.Rani Jhansi was determined not to give up Jhansi.
She was a symbol of patriotism and self respect. Britishers were making every effort to destroy the freedom of country where as Rani was determined to get rid of Britishers.Rani Laxmi Bai strengthened the defence of Jhansi and she assembled a volunteer army of rebellions. Women were also given Military training. Rani was accompanied by her brave warriors, some of them were Gulam Gaus Khan, Dost Khan, Khuda Baksh, Lala Bhau Bakshi, Moti Bai, Sunder-Mundar, Kashi Bai, Deewan Raghunath singh and Deewan Jawahar Singh. Along with all these warriors the local population of Jhansi irrespective of their religion or caste were always determined to fight and give their lives with pleasure for the cause of Independence and their beloved Rani.The Britishers attacked Jhansi in March 1858. Rani Jhansi with her faithful warriors decided not to surrender.
The fighting continued for about two weeks. Shelling on Jhansi was very fierce. In the Jhansi army women were also carrying ammunition and were supplying food to the soldiers. Rani Laxmi Bai was very active.She herself was inspecting the defence of the city.However, after this great war, Jhansi fell to the British forces. On that black day, the British army entered the Jhansi City. Rani Laxmi Bai, still full of courage and patriotism dressed as a man, took up arms, her son Damodar Rao was strapped tightly to her back.She was holding the reins of her horse in her mouth. In the fierce fighting she was using the sword with both her hands. When the situation was not in control, Rani of Jhansi with some of her warriors departed from Jhansi. Rani Laxmi Bai reached Kalpi. Many other rebellions force joined her.
Tattia Tope from Kalpi was also one of them, from Kalpi Rani departed to the Gwalior. Again a fierce battle took place. Rani Jhansi fought with deathless patriotism and martyrdom. However on the second day of fighting, the great heroine of the first struggle for India freedom, at the age of 22 years, lost her life. That unfortunate day was 18th June of 1858.The fort of Maharani Jhansi has strategic importance since the earliest of times. It was built by Raja Bir Singh Ju Deo (1606-27) of Orchha on a rocky hill called Bangra in the town of Balwantnagar (presently known as Jhansi). The fort has ten gates ( Darwaza) .Some of these are Khandero Gate, Datia Darwaza, Unnao gate, Jharna Gate, Laxmi Gate, Sagar Gate, Orchha Gate, Sainyar Gate, Chand gate. Among places of interest within the main fort area are the Karak Bijli Toup ( Tank),
Rani Jhansi Garden, Shiv temple and a "Mazar" of Ghulam Gaus Khan, Moti Bai and Khuda Baksh .The Jhansi fort, a living testimony of ancient glamor and valour, also has a fine collection of sculptures which provide an excellent inside into the eventful history of Bundelkhand.Ganesh Mandir, where the marriage ceremany of Maharani Laxmi Bai, the brave heroine of 1857 Inedependence war, and Maharajai Gangadhar Rao was performed. This temple is dedicated to Lord Ganesh.located on the northern slop of the fort, it is built near the main entrance (city gate). dedicated to Lord Ganesh, This temple is executed in the traditional Maratha style. The temple was very popular until the fort was taken over by the British. Rani Laxmi Bai paid regular visits to this temple for worship. Entered through an arched entrance, it comprises a courtyard, Mandapa an Garbhagriha, ceiling of the latter being decorated with various geometrical and floral patterns.
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